UPSC CDS Syllabus 2019 : Subjects, Paper Pattern, Focus Points,

UPSC CDS Syllabus
Written by Akash

Union Public Service Commission provides the syllabus of CDS written exam for applicants wishful for find admission in Indian Military Academy (IMA), Indian Naval Academy (INA), Officers’ Training Academy (OTA) and Air Force Academy (AFA). Applicants must get through the syllabus to confirm that they have not skipped a significant subject.

The syllabus of CDS (I) 2019 takes in three papers – English, get through General Knowledge and Elementary Mathematics. Objective type questions will have appeared on three subjects. In accordance with the syllabus publicized by UPSC in the notice, the questions in Elementary Mathematics will be of the standard of admission and questions in English and General Knowledge will be appeared at graduation level.

The contenders who succeed in written exam meeting the cut off will be accepted for SSB Tests. UPSC Board contemplates the scores gotten in written exam and SSB Tests for ultimate merit list of CDS (I). The perimeter of the syllabus has been set in such a way it can be accepted as graduation level by any university.


CDS 1 Paper Pattern 2019 – Written Exam

The exam pattern for CDS 1 written exam includes subjects, the time fixed and total marks of the exam. Applicants must read the details of exam pattern for the written exam

For admission to Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy, and Air Force Academy

Subject Duration Marks
English 2 Hours 100 Marks
General Knowledge 2 Hours 100 Marks
Elementary Mathematics 2 Hours 100 Marks


For admission to Officers’ Training Academy

Subject Duration Maximum Marks
English 2 Hours 100 Marks
General Knowledge 2 Hours 100 Marks
  • The CDS (I) 2019 written exam will be conducted offline
  • The exam for Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy, and Air Forces Academy Courses will consist of 300 marks, while exam for Officer’s Training Academy will consist of 200 marks.
  • Tests of English and General Knowledge will contain 120 questions, although Elementary Mathematics unit will comprise 100 questions.
  • In keeping with the CDS syllabus and exam pattern, the negative marking of 1/3 or 0.33 marks will be removed for incorrect answers.
  • Each incorrect answer in English and General Knowledge, 0.83 marks are removed. Though, contenders will access 1 marks for each accurate answer in the Elementary mathematics unit.

CDS Syllabus 2019 – Subject wise topics

UPSC will be responsible for providing subject-wise syllabus separately for every segment of CDS exam. Applicants will require going to subject and topic mentioned below.

Elementary Mathematics 


  • Arithmetic: Number System, Unitary Methods, Fundamental Operations, and Elementary Number Theorems, time and distance, Unitary method, application to simple and compound interest etc.
  • Geometry: Lines and angles, parallel lines, plane and plane figures, sides and triangles of a triangle, Congruency of triangles, Concurrence of medians and altitudes, circles and its properties including tangents and Normal, Loci etc.
  • Algebra: Basic operations, Quadratic Equations, Linear equations, Remainder Theorem, Theory of Polynomials, Relationship between coefficients and roots (only real roots to be considered), set language, set notation etc.
  • Trigonometry: Sine x, cosine x and tangent x, simple cases of height and distances simple Trigonometric identities
  • Menstruation: Calculation of areas of squares, rectangles, triangles, circles and parallelograms, surface area and volume of spheres etc.
  • Statistics: Tabulation of data, histograms, graphical representation, pie and bar charts, frequency polygons etc.

Focus Point

  • Maximum questions are asked from trigonometry and quadratic equation topics.
  • Theory-based geometry questions are also asked. However, statistics based questions are also asked at times.
  • Aspirants need to clear their basic concepts.
  • Memorise all the formulas.

English Language 


  • Reading comprehension
  • Jumbled sentence
  • Fill in the blanks
  • Sentence correction
  • Finding errors and omissions

Focus Point

  • Focus on reading comprehension.
  • Practice daily passages from sample papers
  • Improve your vocabulary by learning new words daily

General Knowledge


  • Indian Economy
  • Indian Polity
  • Monuments of India
  • Current happening in the field of business, politics, sports, entertainment, etc.
  • Books and Authors name etc.

Focus Point

  • Glance through newspapers and magazines repeatedly to be familiar with current actions
  • Crack earlier years model papers
  • Prepare a note of the vital data

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